React Render Optimization: Best Practices for a Faster User Interface

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  • by Nanang Mahdaen El Agung
  • Mar 5, 2023
React Render Optimization: Best Practices for a Faster User Interface

React is a popular JavaScript library for building user interfaces. However, as your application grows in size and complexity, rendering performance can become a bottleneck. In this post, we will cover some best practices for optimizing React render performance.

Use PureComponent

One of the easiest ways to optimize rendering performance in React is to use PureComponent. PureComponent is a class component that extends the Component class and implements a shouldComponentUpdate() method that performs a shallow comparison of props and state. If there are no changes, the component will not re-render.

Here's an example:

import React, { PureComponent } from 'react';

class MyComponent extends PureComponent {
  render() {
    return <div>{this.props.text}</div>;

In this example, MyComponent will only re-render if this.props.text changes.

Memoize Expensive Computations

If you have a component that performs expensive computations, you can memoize the result to avoid unnecessary re-renders. Memoization is the process of caching the result of a function based on its arguments. If the arguments don't change, the function will return the cached result instead of recalculating it.

Here's an example:

import React, { useMemo } from 'react';

function MyComponent({ items }) {
  const total = useMemo(() => {
    console.log('Calculating total...');
    return items.reduce((acc, item) => acc + item.price, 0);
  }, [items]);

  return <div>Total: {total}</div>;

In this example, the total value is calculated using reduce() on the items prop. The useMemo() hook memoizes the result, so the total is only recalculated if the items prop changes.

Avoid Inline Functions in Render

Inline functions in the render() method can cause unnecessary re-renders. This is because a new function is created on every render, even if the function has the same logic.

Here's an example:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

function MyComponent() {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  const handleClick = () => setCount(count + 1);

  return (
      <button onClick={handleClick}>Click me</button>
      <div>Count: {count}</div>

In this example, handleClick is defined outside the render() method, so it will not be recreated on every render.

Optimize with React.memo

The React.memo higher-order component is similar to PureComponent, but it works with function components. It memoizes the component's result and only re-renders if the props change.

Here's an example:

import React, { memo } from 'react';

const MyComponent = memo(({ text }) => {
  console.log('Rendering MyComponent...');

  return <div>{text}</div>;

In this example, MyComponent will only re-render if the text prop changes.

Use shouldComponentUpdate

If you're using a class component and can't use React.PureComponent, you can still optimize rendering by using the shouldComponentUpdate method. This method lets you manually check if the component's props or state have changed, and only re-render the component if necessary.

Here's an example of using shouldComponentUpdate to optimize a class component:

import React from 'react';

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
  shouldComponentUpdate(nextProps, nextState) {
    return nextProps.prop1 !== this.props.prop1 || nextState.state1 !== this.state.state1;

  render() {
    // render component here

Use React.lazy and Suspense

If you have large components that take a long time to load, you can optimize your app's initial rendering speed by using the React.lazy and Suspense components. These components let you lazily load a component only when it's needed, and show a loading indicator in the meantime.

Here's an example of using React.lazy and Suspense to lazily load a component:

import React, { lazy, Suspense } from 'react';

// define a component that will be lazily loaded
const LazyComponent = lazy(() => import('./LazyComponent'));

function App() {
  return (
      <h1>Welcome to my app</h1>

      {/* use Suspense to wrap the lazily loaded component */}
      <Suspense fallback={<div>Loading...</div>}>
        <LazyComponent />

export default App;

In this example, LazyComponent is defined using React.lazy and the component is imported using dynamic import(). Then, the Suspense component is used to wrap the LazyComponent. If LazyComponent hasn't finished loading yet, the fallback prop will be rendered instead (in this case, the text "Loading..."). By using React.lazy and Suspense, you can reduce the initial load time of your React app by only loading the components that are needed when they're needed. This can greatly improve your app's performance and user experience.

Use Immutable Data Structures

One of the more advanced ways to optimize your React rendering is by using immutable data structures. Immutable data structures are data structures that can't be changed after they're created, which makes them faster to compare and use in shouldComponentUpdate and React.memo.

Here's an example of using an immutable data structure (in this case, Immutable.js) to optimize rendering:

import React from 'react';
import Immutable from 'immutable';

const MyComponent = React.memo(({ immutableProp }) => {
  // use immutableProp here

const immutableProp = Immutable.Map({ prop1: 'value1', prop2: 'value2' });

<MyComponent immutableProp={immutableProp} />;


Optimizing your React app's rendering performance can greatly improve your app's speed and user experience. By using techniques like memoization, shouldComponentUpdate, lazy loading, and immutable data structures, you can make sure that your app is only re-rendering when necessary and is performing at its best.

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